Saturday, February 13, 2016

National Drought Mitigation Center

Drought Headlines

We select interesting and representative drought stories from all over the U.S. and around the world. We group them into the same categories that the Drought Impact Reporter uses, as well as a few others. Subscribe to Drought Headlines Drought Headlines RSS

Drought Headlines Archive

General Awareness

Where Did El Nino Go? Heat, Dry Spell Stoke Drought Worry
The Sacramento Bee, Feb 12, 2016
California
After a week and a half of record heat and no rain in California, El Niño doesn’t seem to be delivering the rain and snow that was anticipated. Rain is expected next week.
UN agency: Major droughts count rises amid record-hot 2015
The Washington Post, Feb 11, 2016

The Earth experienced more than twice as many droughts in 2015 than the average of the last decade, said the U.N. Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. There were 32 major droughts in 2015, compared to an annual average of 15 during the preceding decade.
Drought-Weary Eyes Watch California’s Normal Winter Unfold
The Washington Post with Bloomberg, Feb 03, 2016
California

Rainfall in California has been about normal so far this winter, but a high pressure system will keep things dry until at least mid-February. The storms need to continue moving through and dropping moisture if the state is to emerge from drought.

‘Modest Dents’ In Long-Term California Drought
Capital Public Radio (Sacramento, Calif.), Jan 28, 2016
California
Rainfall has finally resulted in improvements to the depiction for California on the Drought Monitor.
El Niño inspires hope of 'major dent' in drought, but empty reservoirs point to long recovery
Los Angeles Times, Jan 22, 2016
California
The first three weeks of 2016 have arrived with a series of storms bringing rain and snow, interspersed with a couple of dry days before the next storm, to the drought-stricken Golden State. While the precipitation is very welcome, reservoirs were not recovering quickly.

Agriculture

California farmers reap record sales in record drought
Napa Valley Register (Calif.), Feb 09, 2016
California
California farmers took in a record $53.5 billion in crop sales in 2014, despite a year of intense drought. Higher costs for water and other expenses due to drought were greater than sales for some farmers, but clearly some farmers made significant profits and poured them back into almond trees, given the high price for almonds. More expensive water and other drought-related expenses cost farmers $2 billion in 2014, according to the University of California Davis.
Cotton harvest is bumping along
Wichita Falls Times Record News (Texas), Jan 19, 2016
Texas’ Rolling Plains
Cotton production in Texas’ Rolling Plains was down to about one-quarter to one-half of that of an average year. The gin manager of the Rhineland gin said that he expected this year’s bale count to be about 26,650, in comparison with years prior to the drought when average production ranged from 50,000 to 100,000 bales.
Cotton production was down because intense drought caused farmers to draw heavily from their irrigation wells, and well production has not yet recovered to pre-drought levels.
Experts to study food safety of oilfield wastewater
San Francisco Chronicle, Jan 12, 2016
California
Some California farmers lacking irrigation water amid years of drought have turned to oilfield wastewater as an alternative for watering crops, but it was unknown how chemicals in the wastewater affected food safety. A new panel of state officials, academic experts and industry representatives began investigating food safety and toxicity concerns because the effect of oilfield chemicals in food is “largely unstudied and unknown,” according to the Pacific Institute. Leftover production fluid from at least five oilfields was being used to irrigate tens of thousands of acres of mainly almond, pistachio and citrus crops.
Washington drought losses estimated at $336 million — and counting
Capital Press (Salem, Ore.), Jan 04, 2016
Washington
A preliminary assessment of Washington state farm drought losses found that the figure reached $336 million, according to the Washington State Department of Agriculture. The estimate will likely rise as other numbers on yields and prices become available. Approximate losses for wheat, apples, blueberries and red raspberries were used in the report, but figures on potatoes, milk and cattle will be added in later.
Wheat production was down 22 percent, compared to the five-year average, for an estimated loss of $212.4 million. Apple production was off by 280 million pounds, for an expected loss of $86.52 million. Heat hampered blueberry production by 8 million pounds for a loss of about $12 million. Red raspberry production was down 26 percent for a loss of about $13.9 million.
After drought and warmer weather, local farmers are taking time off
Los Angeles Times, Dec 16, 2015
California
Some California farmers were out of resources and patience after four years of drought and were taking time off, leaving farm stands empty at some Southern California farmers markets. Insects consumed crops, and water was in short supply, resulting in less produce to sell at farmers markets anyway.

Business & Industry

California craft beer brewers balance drafts and drought
Redding Record Searchlight (Calif.), Oct 11, 2015
California
As California communities strive to meet their water conservation goals, those communities also ask businesses, including craft beer brewers, to slash water use. While larger breweries might have the capital to increase water use efficiency, smaller ones in many cases do not.
Losing Water, California Tries to Stay Atop Economic Wave
The New York Times, Aug 19, 2015
California
Continued economic growth requires building more homes, creating new jobs and drawing in more people, but it is not clear that water supplies will be able to meet demand. Some see drought as being cyclical, while other view it as the new normal, leading to conflicting perspectives on new development.
California drought brings a golden lining
The Sacramento Bee, Jun 22, 2015
Sierra Nevada, California
Low water levels in California’s drought-sapped rivers and streams have exposed more riverbed for prospectors seeking gold. Some stretches have become too dry for panning and sluicing, but in the meantime, prospectors keep finding new areas rich with gold. Hardware and mining supply stores from Columbia in Tuolumne County to Auburn in Placer County benefited from the renewed interest of locals and tourists hoping to find a few pieces of gold.
Bottled-water business grows during drought
Redding Record Searchlight (Calif.), May 10, 2015
California
Californians were becoming increasingly outraged at companies bottling and selling the state’s water amid a four year drought. Crystal Geyser Water Co. was opening a plant at the base of Mount Shasta in Siskiyou County and intends to take up to 365,000 gallons of groundwater daily, according to the San Francisco Chronicle. Nearby residents worry that the plant will run their wells dry.
California pool, hot tub filling bans have industries steaming
San Jose Mercury News (Calif.), May 10, 2015
California
Bay Area pool builders and hot tub retailers were struggling to keep customers from cancelling construction contracts as water restrictions and intense drought deter people from using water. Contractors have also had to find new sources of water to fill the pools, given that water restrictions prohibit the use of potable water for pool and hot tub filling.

Energy

Group Claims the Drought is Driving Up California Electric Rates
Power Talk 1360 (Modesto, Calif.), Feb 10, 2016
California
The Pacific Institute has noted a relationship between drought and rising electric rates and produced a report on the topic.
In Parched California, a Farmer’s Market Is Emerging for Power
The Washington Post with Bloomberg, Sep 03, 2015
California
California farmers were pumping more water for crop irrigation amid a fourth year of drought and were using hundreds of millions of dollars more electricity than normal to power the pumps. In the Central Valley, farmers may use groundwater to meet more than 60 percent of their irrigation needs in 2015, one-third more than a normal year, At that rate, electric bills would rise 77 percent, or $600 million, compared to a year with normal precipitation.
California First To Feel Hydro-Power Crunch Of Drought
CBS2/KCAL9 (Studio City, Calif.), Mar 21, 2015
California
During the past three years, declining hydropower production in California cost utility customers $1.4 billion as power from alternate sources, such as natural gas-fired plants, was purchased to compensate for reduced hydroelectric production. The use of more fossil fuels also drove California carbon dioxide emissions up 8 percent.
Hydropower production at Lake Mead in May is expected to dip to 50 percent of mid-2014 levels.
California ISO: Challenging 2014 Summer but Reliability Held Firm
Reuters, Oct 20, 2014
California
Drought curbed California hydropower production this summer by 1,628 megawatts.
Drought Shutters Hydro Power Generation
KOLO-TV (Reno, Nev.), Jul 30, 2014
Western Nevada
Three hydropower plants belonging to the Truckee Meadows Power Authority were shutting down because there was not enough water to keep the plants operating. The plants will probably be able to generate hydropower again in January or February.

Fire

State fire prevention fee money to fund Sierra dead tree removals
The Fresno Bee, Feb 06, 2016
California
Dead and dying trees killed by drought and bark beetles were scheduled for removal from several Sierra Nevada counties to reduce the fire danger. The work will cost $1.75 million to reduce the fire risk in Tuolumne, Fresno, Kern, Mariposa, Madera and Tulare counties.
Agencies, environmental groups partner to limit wildfire damage via controlled blazes
Orange County Register (Santa Ana, Calif.), Feb 03, 2016
California
The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, the U.S. Forest Service and other federal and state agencies and environmental groups that signed an agreement committing to an increased use of prescribed fires to improve the health of California’s forests and watersheds and to minimize the devastation caused by massive wildfires. These agencies will share resources and expertise.
Brown's budget earmarks big money for natural disasters
Los Angeles Times, Jan 08, 2016
California
California Gov. Brown proposed spending more on fighting wildfires than he has in more than a decade. The $170.7 billion proposal includes $719 for a drought package with an extra $215 million for the state’s emergency fund for fighting large fires as climate change and the state’s historic drought drive the need for more firefighting funds. The governor also allocated $424 million for CalFire’s emergency fund, making this the highest budgeted amount in more than a decade and near a historic level, according to the California Department of Fire and Forestry and the state Department of Finance.
U.S. wildfires just set an amazing and troubling new record
The Washington Post, Jan 06, 2016
U.S.
More than 10 million acres burned in the U.S. in 2015, partly due to dry conditions in Alaska, where more than 5 million acres burned, and Washington and Oregon, where nearly 2 million acres had burned by September.
Dry conditions lead to brush fires across New Hampshire
Manchester Union Leader (N.H.), Nov 09, 2015
New Hampshire
The New Hampshire fall brush fire season has been active, with multiple-alarm fires in many towns in central, southern and eastern parts of the state. The region typically sees fires in the fall, but not as many as have broken out in recent days. The director and state forester for the Division of Forests and Lands said that little rain had fallen since the latter part of summer.

Plants & Wildlife

In Parts of the West, Grazing Cattle Are Making the Drought Worse
takepart (Beverly Hills, Calif.), Feb 04, 2016
Southwestern U.S.
Poor land management during drought can intensify drought effects on the land, according to a report by the U.S. Forest Service. Overgrazed public lands can become overpopulated with invasive plant species, take up nutrients more slowly, become more prone to wildfires and suffer from wind and water erosion.
California's Most Endangered Fish Having Worst Year Ever
KCET Los Angeles, Jan 27, 2016
Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California
The January 2016 trawl for delta smelt found just four males and three females, in comparison with the January 2015 trawl when about twice that many fish were found. In January 2014, about twenty times that many fish were seen.
Drought hammers endangered salmon
Redding Record Searchlight (Calif.), Jan 14, 2016
Sacramento River in California
Most endangered winter-run Chinook salmon in 2015 died from low water levels and high temperatures before they traveled as far south as Red Bluff. This was the second consecutive year of death rates of at least 95 percent of the young winter-run salmon, pushing state and federal agencies to do all in their power to help the fish avoid extinction. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service officials intend to release as many as 425,000 winter-run salmon in the Redding area in late January and early February to make up for the many winter-run salmon deaths.
Despite drought's toll, bird count records over 5,000
Virgin Islands Daily News (St. Thomas, Virgin Islands), Jan 09, 2016
St. Croix, Virgin Islands
Almost 850 fewer birds were spotted at St. Croix’s East End during the National Audubon Society's 116th Annual Christmas Bird Count, compared to the previous year. The 2015 drought depleted ponds around the East End of St. Croix.
Delta Smelt and other fish species plummet to record low levels
Indy Bay.org (San Francisco, Calif.), Jan 05, 2016
Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta in California
The annual fall survey report released on December 18 by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife revealed that the populations of many fish species have sunk to record low levels in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.

Relief, Response, & Restrictions

California refuses pleas for major weakening of water conservation rules
San Jose Mercury News (Calif.), Feb 03, 2016
California
The Water Resources Control Board opted for modest adjustments to the conservation mandates, giving relief to hot areas like the Southern California desert and the Central Valley, but offering no change for most Bay Area cities, Los Angeles and San Diego through May. Whereas the previous drought rules required a savings of 25 percent compared to 2013 water use, the modified rules require a savings of 23 percent compared to 2013.
HOAs could face fines under California drought rules
Palm Springs Desert Sun (Calif.), Feb 04, 2016
California
Local water districts in California can fine homeowners associations that attempt to prevent homeowners from reducing outdoor watering or allowing their grass to turn brown amid drought after the State Water Resources Control Board approved the regulation on Feb. 2. A state law passed in 2014 ruled to the same effect, but homeowners had to take HOAs to court to get relief from fines.
California Regulators Propose Relaxing Water Conservation In Some Cities
CBS Sacramento, Dec 21, 2015
California
California water regulators proposed easing water conservation targets, particularly for communities that have lost trees for lack of water and for communities that have developed alternative water supplies, such as those with desalination plants. The state’s conservation goal of 25 percent could drop if all water agencies requested adjustments, from the 27 percent achieved since June to about 22 percent, said Max Gomberg, climate and conservation manager for the State Water Resources Control Board.
California drought regulators back off controversial salmon-rescue plan
The Sacramento Bee , Dec 15, 2015
Sacramento River in California
The State Water Resources Control Board opted not to require the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation to withhold water in Lake Shasta to help Chinook salmon, and, instead gave Reclamation and California Department of Water Resources the flexibility to determine how best to keep the temperature of the Sacramento River below 56 degrees in 2016. The board offered the “planning target” of keeping back 1.6 million acre-feet in Lake Shasta, but listed no requirements for water management.
Water conservation initiative launched Tuesday targets West
The Durango Herald (Colo.), Dec 15, 2015
Western U.S.
The Natural Resource Investment Center was announced by Interior Secretary Sally Jewell on Dec. 15 and will promote the private sector’s participation and investment in Western water conservation and infrastructure. Some of the outcomes could be facilitating water transfers in the drought-stricken West, replacing aging infrastructure and protecting habitats and species.

Society & Public Health

When it comes to saving water, Southern Californians are tapped out — or are they?
Los Angeles Times, Feb 10, 2016
Southern California
About 1,000 customers of the Metropolitan Water District in Southern California were surveyed by telephone and another 800 people responded to an online survey in December to measure people’s attitudes and awareness of the drought. Nearly 90 percent of respondents said they strongly or somewhat agree that “I’ve already cut back on water use at my home as much as I can" and "There's not much more I can do to save water," found a recent survey commissioned by the MWD. Most participants were also willing to decrease their consumption, yet statewide water conservation has slowed in the last three months of 2015, with conservation slipping below the 25 percent mark, while cumulative savings remained above 25 percent. Sixty-two percent of respondents said they "strongly agree" that they had saved as much water as they could, while 26% "somewhat agree."
$4 trillion Obama budget targets drought, wildfires
The Desert Sun (Palm Springs, Calif.), Feb 09, 2016
Western U.S.
President Obama’s 2017 budget proposal contained funds for drought relief in the West through investment in improving the efficiency of water supplies and adopting new water supply technology.
Waterwise: United Way starts campaign for drought relief
Visalia Times-Delta (Calif.), Jan 28, 2016
Tulare County, California
The United Way of Tulare County and California Resources Corporation are working together to bring a mobile laundry facility to drought-affected residents of East Porterville through a crowdsourcing fund and the involvement of community partners. California Resources Corporation is also starting “The CRC Challenge,” a crowdsourcing fund to draw attention to the plight of drought-stricken rural communities and help pay for needs not covered by the California Disaster Assistant Act.
El Niño lets landslide scientists get back to their research
San Jose Mercury News (Calif.), Jan 26, 2016
Bay Area, California
Four years of drought have delayed landslide research undertaken by the U.S. Geological Survey. Monitoring stations were positioned on Bay Area hills in 2010, but the drought developed, leaving no landslides for the scientists to study. Landslides often occur after heavy rains in January and February when soils become saturated and begin to slide.
Poll: Rain brightens California’s mood
The Sacramento Bee, Jan 13, 2016
California
A recent Field Poll revealed that 50 percent of registered voters in California felt that the state was generally headed in the right direction, up 10 percent compared to May 2015. The favorable impression increased with the return of rainfall and the hope that the drought might ease. The poll shows California voters’ sentiments about the state to be similar to that of February 2015 before Gov. Jerry Brown imposed the first mandatory water cutbacks.

Tourism & Recreation

Upper Big Falls in San Bernardino National Forest closed as rescues more than triple
Los Angeles Times, Oct 27, 2015
California
A seven-acre area around Upper Big Falls in the San Bernardino National Forest was closed by the park on Oct. 8 because too many climbers have chosen to scale the face of the falls and needed to be rescued.
Skiers, resorts cast hopeful eye toward El Niño
Los Angeles Times, Oct 02, 2015
California
California ski resorts, hoping to sell plenty of season passes, were hedging their bets by offering incentives, such as discounts or guarantees, if deep powder does not materialize this winter as in past winters. At some resorts, for instance, skiers can get discounts on next year’s season pass if the skier is unable to ski more than a certain number of days this winter.
Drought forces cancellation of Lake Elsinore Grand Prix
The Press-Enterprise (Riverside, Calif.), Aug 20, 2015
Riverside County, California
The Lake Elsinore Grand Prix, scheduled for November, was canceled for lack of water. Due to mandated water conservation, the Elsinore Valley Municipal Water District cannot provide the roughly 1 million gallons of potable water needed to rebuild and maintain the racetrack and control dust. The district offered recycled water, but there were not enough access points to distribute the water to meet the Grand Prix’s needs.
California drought hasn't killed summer vacations
San Jose Mercury News (Calif.), Aug 09, 2015
California
Despite years of drought, travel spending continued to climb 3.6 percent in 2014 to $117.5 billion. This year was also on track to be another great year, despite boat ramps, swimming and picnic areas being closed at some lakes.
Emergency closure of recreational fishing in most Olympic National Park rivers and stream begins Monday
Peninsula Daily News (Port Angeles, Wash.), Aug 07, 2015
Olympic National Park, Washington
Emergency fishing closures began in Olympic National Park on Aug. 10 because low stream flows and high water temperatures threaten the survival of Pacific salmon, steelhead and bull trout.

Water Supply & Quality

Feds sharply increase flows from Folsom Lake
The Sacramento Bee, Feb 05, 2016
Folsom Lake, California
Folsom Lake had fallen to a historically low level in December, but has since refilled, prompting the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation to boost water releases to 1,750 cubic feet per second to create “safe space” for potential winter storms that could cause flooding. Long-standing federal guidelines state that the lake ought not to contain more than 577,000 acre-feet in early February, but at 11 a.m. on Feb. 5, Folsom Lake held 581,000 acre-feet. Folsom Lake was the only large reservoir in California to reach average storage after years of drought. Other reservoirs were still sorely in need of more precipitation.
California refuses pleas for major weakening of water conservation rules
San Jose Mercury News (Calif.), Feb 03, 2016
California
The Water Resources Control Board opted for modest adjustments to the conservation mandates, giving relief to hot areas like the Southern California desert and the Central Valley, but offering no change for most Bay Area cities, Los Angeles and San Diego through May. Whereas the previous drought rules required a savings of 25 percent compared to 2013 water use, the modified rules require a savings of 23 percent compared to 2013.
Calif. water project boosts allocations to 15 percent
Capital Press (Salem, Ore.), Jan 26, 2016
California
The Department of Water Resources projected a water delivery of 15 percent of full water allotments for 2016 after rains increased reservoir levels. In 2014, State Water Project delivered 20 percent of full allotments, and, in 2014, delivered just 5 percent.
Farmers hear first irrigation forecast of 2016
Las Cruces Sun-News (N.M.), Jan 20, 2016
Southern New Mexico
Farmers in the Elephant Butte Irrigation District may receive up to 1.5 acre-feet of water in the 2016 irrigation season as snowpack deepened in the mountains of southern Colorado and northern New Mexico. A full water allotment is 3 acre-feet per acre.
Doña Ana County growers got 11 acre-inches in 2015, the largest amount since 2010 when farmers received 2 acre-feet.
California temporarily curbing water to spare vanishing Delta smelt
Orange County Register (Santa Ana, Calif.), Jan 15, 2016
California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta
Water flows through the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta were reduced temporarily to protect Delta smelt from being swept into the water pumps after the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service warned that extremely muddy water from winter storms was problematic for the smelt. The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation slowed water flows on Jan. 15.

International

Drought caused by El Nino threatening southern Africa: UN
Phys.org, Feb 12, 2016
Southern Africa
The El Niño-driven drought in southern Africa is expected to devastate regional harvests and food security, given the planting delays and very poor conditions for early crop development and pasture regrowth, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. Significantly more people may need emergency food aid and livelihood recovery support in 2016-17.
Zimbabwe's Mugabe declares disaster in drought-stricken areas
Reuters, Feb 05, 2016
Zimbabwe
Most rural areas of Zimbabwe were declared to be a state of disaster, and 26 percent of the population needed food aid.
South Africa's drought is bad for hippos, great for lions
USA Today, Feb 03, 2016
South Africa
Intense drought in South Africa affected wildlife in Kruger National Park. Hippos typically stay cool during the day in rivers and ponds and graze at night, but have been feeding during the day as they struggle to find enough food. Lions, however, benefit from their prey being weakened from lack of food or water.
Bottled water is 'the new gold' in drought-hit Harare
Reuters, Feb 02, 2016
Zimbabwe
Sales of bottled water in Harare were extremely high, with an estimated 300,000 liters being purchased daily as the quality of municipal water deteriorates. Families that still drink or bathe with tap water were experiencing a variety of ills from rashes to typhoid.
Zambia Said to Raise Mines' Power Prices as Plants Crippled
Bloomberg Business, Jan 29, 2016
Zambia
The intensifying electricity crisis drove an increase in power tariffs for Zambian mining companies, which must pay 10.35 cents per kilowatt hour beginning Jan. 1. Mines use more than half of the country’s power, the production of which has been slashed as drought cuts hydropower production.

Research

Southwest sliding into a new normal: drier conditions
National Science Foundation, Feb 04, 2016
Southwestern U.S.
The climate of the Southwest was turning drier as the region experiences fewer weather patterns that bring precipitation, just like global models predicted, says Andreas Prein, a researcher from the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder.
Droughts hit cereal crops harder since 1980s
(e) Science News , Jan 06, 2016

Cereal crop production in parts of North America, Europe and Australasia has been down 9 percent to 10 percent, due to drought and extreme heat events since the 1980s, found researchers from McGill University and the University of British Columbia.
Caves In Nevada Could Yield Clues About Current Drought
KNPR-FM 88.9 Nevada Public Radio (Las Vegas), Nov 03, 2015
Nevada, New Mexico
Researchers from the University of Nevada-Las Vegas plan to study stalagmites from caves in Nevada and New Mexico to learn about drought cycles for the region.
Ancient pollen reveals droughts between Sierra Nevada glacier surges
Science Daily (Rockville, Md.), Nov 01, 2015
California's Central Valley
Pollen grains from the Pleistocene period were revealing evidence of extreme droughts in California’s Central Valley.
Hungry Cattle Help OSU Researchers Discover Drought Resistant Wheat
AgWeb (Mexico, Mo.), Oct 30, 2015
Oklahoma
Researchers from Oklahoma State University used grazing cattle to stress wheat, revealing the heartiest varieties, which were then used in traditional crop breeding. The end product was Bentley, a drought- and temperature-tolerant wheat variety.

Mitigation

Central America tests drought-resistant 'miracle' beans
ReliefWeb, Dec 01, 2015
El Salvador
A hybrid light red bean created through traditional cross-breeding grows well despite little moisture and is resistant to bean golden yellow mosaic virus.
This machine can make salty water drinkable — using only the sun’s rays
The Washington Post, May 06, 2015

A group of people from Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed a novel method of purifying brackish, undrinkable water via a solar-powered water desalination system. The water produced by the system is free of contaminants and is potable.
Company says evaporation suppression worked
Wichita Falls Times Record News (Texas), Jan 28, 2015
Wichita Falls, Texas
The evaporation suppression powder used on Arrowhead Lake during the 2014 summer was successful. A report by the Texas Water Development Board said the measure may have reduced normal evaporation by 15 percent.
Wichita Falls officials were evaluating the report and considered it inconclusive. The city spent about $294,000 on the project.
Cloud seeding, no longer magical thinking, is poised for use this winter
The Sacramento Bee (California), Nov 11, 2013
California
Cloud seeding will continue to be used in California during the 2013-14 winter to boost snowfall and increase water supplies in a state that has endured two years of drought. Cloud-seeding efforts in California began more than 60 years ago and involve the spraying of silver iodide into clouds.
Heat, Drought Draw Farmers Back To Sorghum, The 'Camel Of Crops'
National Public Radio (Washington, D.C.), Oct 31, 2013
U.S.
Farmers trying to find crops that need less water are rediscovering grain sorghum, and people searching for healthier foods are buying more of it.
Drought Headlines Archive

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