Thursday, July 24, 2014

National Drought Mitigation Center

Drought Planning Processes

Managing Drought Risk on the Ranch

This comprehensive drought planning guide for ranchers was developed with support from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Risk Management Agency.

Planning and Drought

The National Drought Mitigation Center and National Integrated Drought Information System worked with the American Planning Association on Planning Advisory Service Report No. 574, Planning and Drought, released in January 2014. 

Drought-Ready Communities

A Guide to Community Drought Preparedness was developed in 2010 out of a two-year pilot project involving the NDMC, the Oklahoma Climatological Survey, the Illinois State Water Survey and State Climatologist’s Office, the Lower Platte River Corridor Alliance, and three individual communities. The Guide is intended to help communities across the U.S. increase drought resilience and reduce drought impacts by stepping them through the process of developing a drought monitoring and communication system, educating citizens, and identify drought mitigation and response actions.

The 10-Step Drought Planning Process

The 10-Step Drought Planning Process, first published by NDMC founding director Dr. Donald A. Wilhite in 1990, has been applied and modified by states, tribes, and countries around the world. Since then Wilhite and others have revised and updated it to incorporate recent experiences and the growing awareness of awareness of the need for drought planning and mitigation. Its most recent update appeared as "Drought Preparedness Planning: Building Institutional Capacity," by Donald A. Wilhite, Michael J. Hayes, and Cody Knutson, which was published as a chapter in Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, and Management Issues, edited by Wilhite (CRC Press, 2005).

How to Reduce Drought Risk

The Preparedness and Mitigation working group of the Western Drought Coordination Council (WDCC), including NDMC staff, created this guide in 1998 to help states, tribes and municipalities assess vulnerability to drought. It is a step-by-step process for users to identify actions that can be taken to reduce potential drought-related impacts.

Colorado Water Conservation Board's Drought Planning Resources

The CWCB has a growing collection of detailed resources to help municipalities prepare for drought so that they can take action before there is an emergency. 
 

Drought Management Toolkit for Public Water Suppliers

The State of Utah revised "How to Reduce Drought Risk" to produce this document in March 2008. It's on the Utah Division of Water Resources website, linked under "Drought Management Model Plans".

Near East Drought Planning Manual

The NDMC worked with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to produce the Near East Drought Planning Manual, which was published in 2008.

California Urban Drought Guidebook

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and the California Urban Water Conservation Council worked together on the Urban Drought Guidebook in 2008 to provide technical assistance to local water suppliers. NDMC staff reviewed it and provided feedback.

Arizona Analysis

"Climate Science and Drought Planning: the Arizona Experience," a paper by Katharine L. Jacobs, Gregg M. Garfin, and Barbara J. Morehouse, published in the April 2005 edition of the Journal of the American Water Resources Association.

The results of a national survey of state drought planning processes in 2004 are presented in a study by University of Arizona PhD student Joe Abraham, "Assessing Drought Impacts and Vulnerabilities for Long-Term Planning and Mitigation Programs". The paper examines existing drought planning guidance and offers several recommendations for improving state planning process structures.

Managing Water for Drought (IWR Report 94-NDS-8)

The National Study of Water Management During Drought was authorized by Congress and undertaken by the Corps of Engineers’ Institute for Water Resources in the aftermath of the droughts of 1988. Managing Water presents a method for developing drought preparedness plans which takes advantage of federal background and expertise while maintaining the flexibility needed for local, nonfederal decision making.

American Water Works Association Drought Resources Community

Free registration with American Water Works Association provides access to an excellent resource collection related to drought preparedness.

Great Lakes Commission: A Guidebook to Drought Planning, Management and Water Level Changes in the Great Lakes

This 1990 publication can be ordered from the Great Lakes Commission. This reference guide on drought and its impacts answers questions about water level changes and lists federal, state, and provincial contacts for drought assistance, water levels, and emergency response programs.


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