Tuesday, September 26, 2017

National Drought Mitigation Center

Drought Headlines Archive

Drought Headlines Archive

General Awareness

ND drought conditions lessen dramatically with rains
The Dickinson Press (N.D.), Sep 21, 2017
North Dakota

Rainfall eased drought conditions in eastern and western North Dakota, with more rain chances over the weekend.  Year-to-date rainfall totals were more than 2 inches below average.

‘Recurring phenomenon’: Big Island experiencing another period of dry weather
Hawaii Tribune-Herald, Sep 07, 2017
Big Island

Parts of the Big Island were experiencing rainfall that was just 10 percent of normal, such as in Ka’u.  In Honokaa, which normally receives 6.13 inches in August, only 1.30 inches of rain fell.

No rain here: Valley’s dry, drought lingers in McAllen
Valley Morning Star (Harlingen, Texas), Aug 31, 2017
South Texas

While Hurricane Harvey submerged parts of southeast Texas, the state’s southern tip only saw a little bit of rain and remained in drought.

Drought conditions in Dakotas change little over the week
KFGO 790 AM (Fargo, N.D.), Aug 31, 2017
Dakotas

Drought increased just slightly in North Dakota, from 63 percent last week to 66 percent this week.  While in South Dakota, drought decreased a bit from 72 percent last week to 69 percent this week.

Drought eases in North Dakota but still a big problem
Associated Press, Aug 24, 2017
North Dakota

Rainfall eased drought in much of North Dakota, reducing the spatial extent of drought from 82 percent to 63 percent.

Agriculture

Dry summer, along with depressed grain prices, are hurting some Kansas farmers as they begin the fall harvest
The Hutchinson News (Kan.), Sep 19, 2017
Central Kansas

A farmer and cattle producer in Kiowa and Edwards counties moved some cattle from his pastures early and intended to move more because there was little grass left on the land.

Drought Plagues Sunflower Crop Quality in the Dakotas
USAgNet.com (Marshfield, Wis.), Sep 20, 2017
Dakotas

Drought damaged the sunflower crop in the Dakotas, leaving 35 percent of the North Dakota crop in good to excellent condition and only 26 percent of South Dakota’s crop in good to excellent condition.

Dry weather across Iowa impacts crop growth ahead of harvest
KGAN-TV CBS 2 (Cedar Rapids, Iowa), Sep 14, 2017
Eastern Iowa

Hot, dry weather in August hastened crop maturity, prompting farmers to get ready for an early harvest.  Because soybeans develop in August, the weather likely decreased yields somewhat.

Dry weather deals blow to corn, beans
The Marysville Advocate (Kan.), Sep 13, 2017
Northeastern Kansas

Corn and soybean yields in northeastern Kansas appeared to be one-third to one-half of last year’s production.  A lot of the corn in eastern Marshall County was cut for silage because it was not expected to yield much grain.

Drought, fires, water: Focus for county commissioners
Hot Springs Star (S.D.), Sep 12, 2017
Southwestern South Dakota

Cattle in western Fall River County were dying from very poor water quality in stock dams as drought reduced them to muddy puddles.

Business & Industry

Bankers: Drought Still Burdening Rural Economy in 10 States
U.S. News & World Report, Aug 17, 2017
Plains and Midwest

The overall Rural Mainstreet Index for 10 Plains and Midwestern states rose from July’s 40.7 to 42.2 in August.  Any number below 50 indicates a shrinking economy.  Nearly 58 percent of bankers who participated in the August survey felt that drought conditions were negatively impacting agricultural products in their area.  Surveyors consulted bankers in Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wyoming.

Nestlé Faces Backlash Over Collecting Water From Drought-Stricken Southern California
CBS Los Angeles, May 09, 2017
Southern California

Activists continued to protest Nestlé’s use of springs in southern California as drought and the company’s sourcing of water on public land continues to rile the public.  Of the company’s 40 water sources in the U.S., 11 are in California.  Nestlé captures about 30 million gallons of water annually and pays the U.S. Forest Service just $524 for the permit.

The 102 million dead trees in California's forests are turning tree cutters into millionaires
Los Angeles Times, Dec 14, 2016
California
The southern Sierra Nevada was home to millions of dead trees, needing to be felled and removed for public safety and to reduce the amount of combustible material in the landscape, but the task of removing so many trees was daunting and costly. The Forest Service estimated that there were more than 24 million dead trees in the Fresno and Tulare County portion of the Sierra Nevada alone. Tree cutters, however, see prosperity in the dead trees.
The owner of a tree service said that he charged $1,700 daily for his services. His outfit was one of more than two dozen cutting dead trees along California 168 east of Fresno to Huntington Lake.
Well companies flooded with calls for new wells as drought persists
New Hampshire Union Leader (Manchester), Sep 25, 2016
New Hampshire
The owner of a well-drilling business in Amherst said they had a backlog of three to four weeks, with the phone ringing steadily in the last two weeks and most calls coming from Hillsborough and Rockingham counties. A well driller based in Hudson reported getting quite a few calls from the Kingston area. An Epping well driller was getting calls from Barrington, Brentwood, Durham, Epping, Madbury and Nottingham.
Warm, dry summer a blessing and curse for Maine golf industry
Bangor Daily News (Maine), Aug 29, 2016
Maine
Maine golf courses have benefited from the hot, dry summer because they have had sunny weather and almost no rain days. More irrigation than usual was needed to keep grass green, but golfers appreciate that dry fairways allow the balls to roll further. Overall, golf course operators seemed to like the dry summer and were happy about all of the golfers playing.

Energy

How hydroelectric power has roared back in California
San Francisco Chronicle, Mar 20, 2017
California
The recent years of drought caused a significant lull in hydropower production. Fifteen to 18 percent of California’s electricity generation typically comes from hydropower, but during the drought, hydropower generation dropped to less than 10 percent on average. The state turned to burning natural gas to make up the difference, driving up greenhouse gas emissions by 10 percent over what they would have been. Burning natural gas also cost Californians $2.4 billion more than they would have paid if hydropower production had been near normal.
Ongoing drought taking toll on Alabama Power lake levels
Alabama NewsCenter, Sep 12, 2016
Northern Alabama
The dry summer has depleted lakes used by Alabama Power to generate electricity. Water levels at Weiss, Neely Henry, and Logan Martin lakes on the Coosa River, Harris and Martin lakes on the Tallapoosa River, and Smith Lake on the Black Warrior River were dropping and were expected to continue to drop. Alabama Power reduced water releases from its hydroelectric dams and stopped recreational releases from Jordan Dam on the Coosa River.
Water conservation has saved energy, cut greenhouse gas emissions, study finds
Los Angeles Times, Jun 07, 2016
California
Water conservation in California between June 2015 and February 2016 resulted in energy savings of 922,543 megawatt-hours, which is enough to power 135,000 homes for a year, and also reduced greenhouse gas emissions, found researchers from the University of California-Davis. During that time, Gov. Jerry Brown’s initial emergency conservation program was in effect, requiring all water users to curb their use by 25 percent. Electric utilities and water districts were also ordered to submit reports on their operations, reports that were used by UC Davis to determine the savings.
Easing Drought Boosts California Hydropower, For Now
Climate Central, Jun 01, 2016
California
Spring hydropower generation has reached its highest level since 2011, thanks to near-average snowfall this winter in the Sierra Nevada, helping power production to rebound from the 15-year low reached last year.
Group Claims the Drought is Driving Up California Electric Rates
Power Talk 1360 (Modesto, Calif.), Feb 10, 2016
California
The Pacific Institute has noted a relationship between drought and rising electric rates and produced a report on the topic.

Fire

Billions of dead trees force US fire crews to shift tactics
SeattlePI.com, Sep 08, 2017
Western U.S.

Eleven Western states harbor about 6.3 billion dead trees that pose a danger for firefighters battling the dozens of blazes burning in the West.  Bark beetles, drought, disease and fire have killed many of the trees.

More than 1 million acres have burned this summer; state fire fund drained
Helena Independent Record (Mont.), Sep 07, 2017
Montana

The state of Montana spent $53.7 million battling wildfires over the summer, completely emptying a state fire fund that was halved in April, due to legislative action.

Fire torches drought-stricken land in southeastern Montana
ABC Fox Montana (Missoula, Mont.), Aug 31, 2017
Montana

A lightning storm that offered little rain sparked 45 fires in Montana, a state ranging from being abnormally dry to having areas of exceptional drought.

Shod horse starts one of two weekend fires
Glendive Ranger Review (Mont.), Aug 27, 2017
Eastern Montana

A Dawson County fire caused by a shod horse’s horseshoe striking a rock, sparked a fire that consumed 240 acres.  The fire burned through exceedingly dry prairie grass toward two homes, but the structures were spared.

Fire incidences high in North Dakota
The Dickinson Press (N.D.), Aug 23, 2017
North Dakota

The fire season in North Dakota has been unusually active, hitting record highs and foretelling an especially bad fire season in late August and September, when the fire season typically peaks.

Plants & Wildlife

Biologists: Pheasant numbers drop due to prolonged drought
Yankton Daily Press & Dakotan (S.D.), Sep 11, 2017
North Dakota

The pheasant count in North Dakota was down 61 percent, compared to 2016, according to the state’s roadside pheasant survey.  This is the lowest count in at least 20 years.  Drought limits the number of insects available for pheasant chicks to eat and limits habitat, leaving juveniles more exposed to predators.  A similar survey found that there were fewer pheasant chicks in South Dakota, too.

Trees begin changing color early due to stress from drought
KFYR-TV/West Dakota FOX (Bismarck, N.D.), Aug 30, 2017
Bismarck, North Dakota

Bismarck’s trees have begun to change color or drop leaves as drought stresses the trees.  The city forester urged the public to water their trees until the first freeze.

SD pheasant survey shows 45 percent drop in population from '16
Inforum-Fargo (N.D.), Aug 25, 2017
South Dakota

South Dakota’s pheasant population dropped by 45 percent, compared to 2016, according to an annual survey by the South Dakota Game, Fish & Parks Department.

Summer drought in North Dakota will impact fall duck hunting
The Bismarck Tribune (N.D.), Aug 11, 2017
North Dakota

North Dakota has 5 percent fewer duck broods compared to summer 2016, due to drought and the continued decline in the amount of grassland habitat and wetlands, according to a survey by the state Game and Fish Department.  NDGFD also estimated that the overall fall duck flight will be down 8 percent.  There was 38 percent less water available to ducks, compared to last summer, with much of the change occurring in small, seasonal wetlands that have gone dry.

ND pronghorn hurt by bad winter and summer drought
Capital Journal (Pierre, S.D.), Jul 27, 2017
North Dakota

Pronghorn numbers were down 14 percent in North Dakota, according to the state Game and Fish Department.  The agency offered 410 licenses for the fall hunt, 44 percent fewer than in 2016. 

"Numbers were a bit disappointing, but not unexpected due to a combination of a tough winter and extreme (summer) drought conditions," said Big Game Management Supervisor Bruce Stillings.

Relief, Response, & Restrictions

EPD lifts Bartow water restrictions
Cartersville Daily Tribune News (Ga.), Sep 19, 2017
Georgia

Georgia’s Environmental Protection Division lifted water restrictions in 43 counties, thanks to above normal rainfall in recent months.

Drought loans approved for North Dakota ranchers
The Bismarck Tribune (N.D.), Sep 13, 2017
North Dakota

North Dakota’s Industrial Commission approved a low-interest loan program to help ranchers deal with the ongoing drought.  On Sept. 13, the commission voted to allow the state-owned Bank of North Dakota to offer the loans to cover the rebuilding of breeding stock and to pay for feed to maintain herd levels.

ND gov. meets with feds to advocate for drought relief
The Bismarck Tribune (N.D.), Sep 07, 2017
North Dakota

Gov. Doug Burgum followed up on his Aug. 8 presidential major disaster declaration request with the hope of getting additional drought relief for his state.  Burgum met with U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue and U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke on Sept. 7.

Governor declares disaster exists in Montana
Great Falls Tribune (Mont.), Sep 01, 2017
Montana

Montana Gov. Steve Bullock issued an executive order on Sept. 1, declaring a state of disaster in Montana due to the multitude of wildfires. The order allows the governor to utilize more state resources and permits the Montana National Guard to fight fires. The governor also issued a directive to the Montana Department of Transportation, temporarily suspending certain regulatory requirements to assist with the transport of heavy firefighting equipment.

Wisconsin officials act to help Northern Plains drought
Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune, Aug 17, 2017
Wisconsin

Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker announced a 30-day “state of emergency” to allow the transportation of loads of forage to the Dakotas and Montana.  The destination states have endured a summer drought that devastated crops and hampered pasture growth, leading farmers to sell livestock.  By easing some of Wisconsin’s commercial driving restrictions and fees, individuals can more easily get hay and other forage to where it is urgently needed.

Society & Public Health

Here’s California’s plan to save motorists from toppling trees at Tahoe
The Sacramento Bee, Aug 22, 2017
Lake Tahoe area, California

California crews plan to cut down dead and drought-weakened trees along highways in the Tahoe Basin starting in September as part of the statewide movement to remove dangerous trees along highways.  Efforts will be focused on Highway 89, where a tree fell and killed a woman in her car, and other area highways.  Caltrans has already taken out more than 100,000 dead trees in the Golden State, mostly on state property along highways as part of a $115 million safety campaign.  Removing dangerous trees on private property will be the next step.  Caltrans identified Amador, Calaveras, El Dorado, Fresno, Kern, Madera, Mariposa, Placer, Tulare and Tuolumne counties as areas of particularly high risk for falling trees.

Hold the Bagel! Higher Costs Make 2018 a Great Time to Cut Carbs
The Washington Post with Bloomberg, Jul 26, 2017
U.S.

Benchmark wheat futures in Chicago remained 18 percent higher for the year, due to drought, and will likely mean costlier bagels and pizza crusts in 2018.  In Minneapolis, the price for spring wheat was up 37 percent for the year. 

Four water main breaks in four days
Osceola Sentinel-Tribune (Iowa), Jul 20, 2017
Osceola, Iowa

The hot, dry weather has caused soils to shift in south central Iowa, leading to four water main breaks in four days, stated Osceola Water Works Superintendent Brandon Patterson.

Ground beef prices at three-year low just in time for July 4
The Washington Post, Jul 03, 2017
U.S.

Ground beef prices have fallen to a three-year low with a pound of hamburger averaging $3.56, down 68 cents from the 2015 high of $4.24.  Herd recovery after drought in 2011 and 2012 has finally brought prices down.

Another reason to curse Central Florida drought — fleas
Orlando Sentinel (Fla.), May 17, 2017
Florida

Flea problems arose in January and February, while fleas typically do not become problematic until March, said an Orlando veterinarian.  Fleas tend to thrive in warm temperatures and high humidity.

Tourism & Recreation

Drought affects duck hunting wetlands in the Northern Plains
Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune, Sep 22, 2017
Northern Plains

Drought decreased the number of duck-hunting wetlands in North Dakota by about 40 percent, compared to 2016, found the Game and Fish Department from their annual fall wetland survey.

Hunters warned: Some Block Management Areas closed due to fire danger
Billings Gazette (Mont.), Aug 28, 2017
Montana

Some Montana landowners closed their property to hunting, due to the drought and elevated fire danger. Six Block Management Areas in northeast Montana were indefinitely closed, with restricted access to walk-in hunting only in one area and a delayed opening of another area. The affected BMAs were in Blaine, Choteau, Hill, McCone and Phillips counties. The upland bird season opens on Sept. 1 and most archery seasons open on Sept. 2.

Trouble In Hunting Paradise: Falling elk populations mean fewer permits this fall
Yakima Herald (Wash.), Aug 23, 2017
Washington

A summer drought and harsh winter in 2015 led to substantial declines in the elk herd populations near Yakima and the Colockum herd north of Ellensburg and may affect the number of antlerless permits granted in the fall.  February surveys revealed “surprisingly low elk numbers” and the fewest calves ever observed. 

Deer populations also remained below normal after the 2015 summer drought and two subsequent hard winters and put the population in a decline expected to persist through 2018.

SD's Corn Palace says it learned a lesson as drought nearly ditches mural plans
Inforum (Fargo, N.D.), Aug 14, 2017
Mitchell, South Dakota

Despite the drought, the Corn Palace will have enough corn to redecorate the nine murals around the building after a more than an inch of rain fell weeks ago and revived the crop.  Roughly 275,000 ears of corn are needed to redecorate, especially since the murals were not redone in 2016, leaving the walls in need of a change in 2017.  The Palace director said that they may have had to make do with fewer colors or seek out corn from another farmer, but the rainfall made backup plans unnecessary.  Redecorating the murals will cost an estimated $115,152 this year.

Drought Causing Low Participation in Ag-Related Activities
KVRR TV (Fargo, N.D.), Jul 11, 2017
Fargo, North Dakota

Fewer farmers from the western part of North Dakota made the trip to Fargo to participate in the Red River Valley Fair.  There were fewer entries in the livestock exhibits and different animal shows.

Water Supply & Quality

Stage 1 Water Shortage Continues Upcountry
Maui Now (Kahului, Hawaii), Sep 14, 2017
Upcountry Maui

A stage 1 water shortage, which originally took effect on July 18, continued for Upcountry Maui due to reduced surface water flow and the forecast for more dry weather.

Georgia eases outdoor watering restrictions in 55 counties
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Sep 07, 2017
Georgia

The Georgia Environmental Protection Division eased outdoor water use restrictions in 55 counties, including those in the metro Atlanta area.

City cracking down on homeowner water violations as S.A. drought conditions worsen
My San Antonio.com (Texas), Aug 04, 2017
San Antonio, Texas

The San Antonio Water System announced that citations will be issued for violating the Stage 1 water restrictions.  Previously, warnings were issued to make residents aware of the restrictions, which took effect July 14, when the 10-day average of the Edwards Aquifer fell below 660 feet, triggering the water restrictions.

Pressed by supplier, Fort Pierre asks residents to cut lawn-watering
Capital Journal (Pierre, S.D.), Jul 31, 2017
Fort Pierre, South Dakota

Water customers in Fort Pierre were asked to curb their water use by 200,000 gallons daily, or about one-fifth of typical summer use, because their supplier, West River/ Lyman-Jones Rural Water System, was hard pressed to meet record water demand.  The Murdo-based water provider asked its municipal customers to use less so agricultural users could get enough water for livestock and other needs.

Drought Leaves Groundwater Low Despite Recent Rains
WMFE (Orlando, Fla.), Jul 13, 2017
Central Florida

Groundwater in the St. Johns River Water Management District remained low, despite recent above-normal rainfall that lifted the region out of drought.  Water customers were urged to continue conserving water.

International

Farming anguish as drought-hit southern Tasmania prays for rain, while north welcomes rainfall
Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Sep 20, 2017
Australia

The south and east coast regions of Tasmania were suffering from one of the worst droughts on record.

Drought-hit Australia cuts hopes for wheat, canola, coarse grains
Agrimoney.com, Sep 18, 2017
Australia

Australia’s official crop bureau, Abares, lowered its wheat export forecast by more than 2.7 million tons to 18.5 million tons and trimmed canola and coarse grain shipments as drought damaged crops.

Late summer rains, private food supplies limit impact of North Korea drought
Reuters, Sep 18, 2017
North Korea

North Korea will probably be able to avoid acute food shortages, thanks to late summer rains and privately produced crops.  The winter was historically dry, spring was dry and cold, and there is little rain in the forecast.

Poor rains in Kenya deepens drought, children go hungry: UNICEF
Reuters, Sep 15, 2017
Kenya

Nearly 370,000 Kenyan children were in need of food aid, an increase of 30,000 children since February, as drought persisted and another rainy season failed to bring much needed rain.

Drought, frost cut Australia wheat crop hopes to 9-year low
Agrimoney.com, Sep 11, 2017
Australia

The forecast for Australia’s wheat harvest dropped to a 9-year low after drought and frost hurt the crop.  The canola crop was expected to be the smallest in seven years.

Research

Kansas well owners, non-well owners have different watering routines during droughts, study finds
The University of Kansas , Aug 15, 2017
Kansas

Well ownership was found to be tied to increased watering during droughts and that water conservation varied among those owning different types of wells, found Brock Ternes, a KU lecturer and doctoral graduate of sociology.

Study Finds Drought Recoveries Taking Longer
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology, Aug 14, 2017

A NASA study found that land ecosystems took progressively longer to get over drought in the 20th century and partial drought recovery may become the new normal in some places, possibly contributing to tree deaths and more greenhouse gas emissions.

What's killing trees during droughts? Scientists have new answers
Eurekalert.org, Aug 07, 2017

During droughts, carbon starvation and hydraulic failure kill trees, found researchers from Oklahoma State University.

Sea temperature changes contributing to droughts
Science Daily , Jul 19, 2017
North America, Mediterranean

Variations in sea surface temperature influence persistent drought in North America and around the Mediterranean Sea, according to research from Exeter, Montpellier and Wageningen universities.

Vinegar: A cheap and simple way to help plants fight drought
Phys.Org, Jun 26, 2017

The external application of vinegar can enhance drought tolerance in maize, rice and wheat.

Mitigation

California growers, researchers preparing for next drought
Capital Press - Agriculture Weekly (Salem, Ore.), May 18, 2017
California

Growers and researchers were working fervently to find ways to help California’s orchards, vineyards and row crops withstand the next drought with as little water as they can manage and yet thrive.  Subsurface drip irrigation, minimizing soil disturbance, leaving crop residue, diversifying crop rotations and using cover crops are some of the strategies for improving moisture retention and drought tolerance.

Will replacing thirsty lawns with drought-tolerant plants make L.A. hotter?
Los Angeles Times, Aug 02, 2016
California
If every lawn in Los Angeles were replaced with drought-tolerant vegetation, researchers from the University of Southern California found that the city’s overall temperature in July would increase up to 3.4 degrees during the day and decrease by about 5.4 degrees cooler during the night. The lower soil moisture changes the thermal properties of the soil.
San Luis Valley aquifer refills after years of drought, overuse
Santa Fe New Mexican, Jun 11, 2016
San Luis Valley in southern Colorado
A multiyear drought that began in 2002 in the San Luis Valley in southern Colorado quickly drew down the region’s streams and water table, causing wells to go dry abruptly. The Rio Grande Water Conservation District and San Luis Valley water users created a subdistrict project to address the water problem of over appropriation and help the region to balance its water use. Farmers and ranchers paid $75 per acre-foot of groundwater they pumped, but also were compensated for fallowing parts of their fields, limiting water demand.
In the four years since the subdistrict project began in 2012, the aquifer is recovering. One-third less groundwater water being pumped than before the project, from more than 320,000 acre-feet prior to 2012 to about 200,000 acre-feet. Ten thousand acres that previously were used to cultivate thirsty alfalfa and potato crops were fallow. Stewards of the land continue to improve soil quality and were striving to grow more efficient crops as other ways to help the aquifer.
Central America tests drought-resistant 'miracle' beans
ReliefWeb, Dec 01, 2015
El Salvador
A hybrid light red bean created through traditional cross-breeding grows well despite little moisture and is resistant to bean golden yellow mosaic virus.
This machine can make salty water drinkable — using only the sun’s rays
The Washington Post, May 06, 2015

A group of people from Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed a novel method of purifying brackish, undrinkable water via a solar-powered water desalination system. The water produced by the system is free of contaminants and is potable.
Drought Headlines Archive

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