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This project builds off of the Drought Scenario-Based Exercises Research Report that was funded by the National Integrated Drought Information System through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program Office.

front cover to drought scenario guide research report

Drought Scenario-Based Exercises Research Report

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References by Section

Overview

Bathke, D.J., Haigh, T., Bernadt, T., & Wall, N. (2019). Drought Scenario Based Exercises. National Drought Mitigation Center. https://drought.unl.edu/archive/Documents/NDMC/Planning/ScenarioExerciseReferenceDocument_FINAL_05222019.pdf

NIDIS Program Implementation Team. (2007). The National Integrated Drought Information System Implementation Plan: A Pathway for National Resilience. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.  https://www.drought.gov/drought/sites/drought.gov.drought/files/media/whatisnidis/Documents/NIDIS-IPFinal-June07.pdf

 

Drought Planning

Bathke, D.J., Wall, N., Nothwehr, J., Smith, K.H., Woudenberg, D.L., Bernadt, T.K., Bergman, C., Robine, J.P., Hayes, M., Svoboda, M.,Darby, L., & Pulwarty, S. (2011). Building a sustainable network of drought communities. https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/hprccpubs/33/

Botterill, L. C., & Wilhite, D. A. (Eds.). (2006). From disaster response to risk management: Australia's national drought policy (Vol. 22). Springer Science & Business Media.

Collins, K., Hannaford, J., Svoboda, M., Knutson, C., Wall, N., Bernadt, T., Crossman, N.,Overton, I., Acreman, M., Bachmair, S. & Stahl, K. (2016). Stakeholder coinquiries on drought impacts, monitoring, and early warning systems. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(11), ES217-ES220.

Daniels, J. (2015, February 11). The new tech players of the California drought. (CNBC) Accessed May 20, 2018, from https://www.cnbc.com/2015/02/11/drought-brings-challenges-opportunities-for-agricultural-equipment-sellers.html

Fontaine, M., Steinemann, A., & Hayes, M. (2014). State drought programs and plans: Survey of the Western United States. Natural Hazards Review, 15(1), 95-99.

Knutson, C. L., Hayes, M.J., & Svoboda, M.D. (2007). Case study of tribal drought planning: The Hualapai Tribe. Natural Hazards Review, 8(4), 125-131.

Mishra, A.K. & Singh, V.P. (2010). A review of drought concepts. Journal of Hydrology, 391(1-2), 202-216.

Multihazard Mitigation Council. (2017). Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: 2017 Interim Report. Washington, D.C.: Multihazard Mitigation Council.

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2020). Drought Management Database. https://drought.unl.edu/droughtmanagement/Home.aspx

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2019). Types of Drought. Retrieved from https://drought.unl.edu/

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2018). Drought Impact Reporter. http://droughtreporter.unl.edu/

NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. (2018). U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate disasters. https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/beyond-data/2017-us-billion-dollar-weather-and-climate-disasters-historic-year

Poljanšek, K., Marin Ferrer, M., De Groeve, T., & Clark, I. (2017). Science for disaster risk management 2017: Knowing better and losing less. Luxembourg: Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Schwab, J.C. (2013). Planning and drought. Planning Advisory Service Report, 574.

Shepherd, A. (1998). Drought contingency planning: Evaluating the effectiveness of plans. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 124(5), 246-251.

Smith, A.B. & Katz, R.W. (2012). U.S. billion-dollar weather and climate disasters. Natural Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-013-0566-5.

University of Nebraska Public Policy Center. (2018). Drought THIRA. http://droughtthira.unl.edu/

Wilhite, D.A. & Glantz, M.H. (1985). Understanding the drought phenomenon: The role of definitions. Water International, 10(3), 111-120.

Wilhite, D.A. & Pulwarty, R.S. (2005). Drought and water crises: Lessons learned and the road ahead. In Drought and Water Crises: Science, Technology, and Management Issues (pp. 389-398). CRC Press.

Wilhite, D.A. (2012). Drought Assessment, Management, and Planning: Theory and Case Studies (Vol. 2). Springer Science & Business Media.

Wilhite, D.A., Sivakumar, M.V., & Pulwarty, R. (2014). Managing drought risk in a changing climate: The role of national drought policy. Weather and Climate Extremes, 3, 4-13.

Wilhite, D.A., Hayes, M.J., Knutson, C., & Smith, K.H. (2000, August). Planning for drought: Moving from crisis to risk management. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 36(4), 697-710. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2000.tb04299.x/epdf

Wollenberg, E., Edmunds, D., Buck, L. (2000). Using scenarios to make decisions about the future: Anticipatory learning for the adaptive co-management of community forests. Landscape and Urban Planning, 47(1+2), 65-77.

 

Types

Altman, E. & Lackstrom, K. (2018). South Carolina Drought and Water Shortage Tabletop Exercise. Columbia, SC: Carolinas Integrated Sciences and Assessments. http://www.scdrought.com/pdf/SC-Drought-Water-Shortage-Tabletop-Report.pdf

Carson, A., Windsor, M., Hill, H., Haigh, T., Wall, N., Smith, J., Olsen, R., Bathke, D., Demir, I. & Muste, M. (2018). Serious gaming for participatory planning of multi-hazard mitigation. International Journal of River Basin Management, 16(3), 379-391.

Department of Homeland Security. (2013). Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program. https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/20130726-1914-25045-8890/hseep_apr13_.pdf

Hill, H., Hadarits, M., Rieger, R., Strickert, G., Davies, E.G. & Strobbe, K.M. (2014). The Invitational Drought Tournament: What is it and why is it a useful tool for drought preparedness and adaptation? Weather and Climate Extremes, 3, 107-116.

Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (2019). Drought Exercises. https://www.potomacriver.org/focus-areas/water-resources-and-drinking-water/cooperative-water-supply-operations-on-the-potomac/drought-monitoring-and-operations/drought-exercises/

Jackson, B.A. & McKay, S. (2011). Preparedness exercises 2.0: Alternative approaches to exercise design that could make them more useful for evaluating and strengthening preparedness. The Journal of the NPS Center for Homeland Defense and Security. https://www.hsaj.org/articles/46

Knowles, M., Swanson, R.A., &Holton, E.F. (2011). The Adult Learner: The Definitive Classic in Adult Education and Human Resource Development (7th ed.). Burlington, MA: Elsevier.

National Academy of Sciences. (2018). LabX. https://www.koshland-science-museum.org/explore-the-science/extreme-event

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2019). The U.S. Drought Monitor. https://droughtmonitor.unl.edu

Schmidt, R., Emmerich, K., & Schmidt, B. (2015, September). Applied games–In search of a new definition. In International Conference on Entertainment Computing (pp. 100-111). Springer, Cham.

Street, P. (1997). Scenario workshops: A participatory approach to sustainable urban living? Futures, 29(2), 139-158. http://www.sciencedirect.com.offcampus.lib.washington.edu/science/article/pii/S0016328796000730

 

Development

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). Developing an Effective Evaluation Plan. Atlanta, Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, 2011.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999, September). Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health (MMWR Recommendations & Reports vol. 48, No. RR-11). https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr4811.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Introduction to Program Evaluation for Public Health Programs: A Self-Study Guide. Accessed February 1, 2018, from https://www.cdc.gov/eval/guide/introduction/index.htm

Center for Community Health and Development. (2020). Community Tool Box. Section 4. Conducting a Workshop. Retrieved from: https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/structure/training-and-technical-assistance/workshops/main City and County of San Francisco. (n.d.). Exercise Design Steps. https://sfdem.org/exercise-design-steps-1

Columbia University. (2006). Public Health Emergency Exercise Toolkit. Retrieved from http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/sites/default/files/public/php/339/339_toolkit.pdf

Cottage Health. (2020). Cottage Health Evaluation Toolkit. Available: https://www.cottagehealth.org/population-health/learning-lab/toolkit/

Idaho Office of Emergency Management. (2018). Idaho Exercise Program Toolkit. https://ioem.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/57/2018/11/Exercise-Toolkit-Nov-2018.pdf

Daniell, K. (2014). The Role of National Culture in Shaping Public Policy: A Review of the Literature. Australia: The Australian National University.

Emerald Works Limited. (2020). The Role of a Facilitator. https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/RoleofAFacilitator.htm

FEMA. (2016). An Introduction to Exercises. Retrieved August 22, 2016, from FEMA Emergency Management Institute: https://emilms.fema.gov/IS120A/index.htm

Lavinghouze, S.R. and Snyder, K., 2013. Developing your evaluation plans: A critical component of public health program infrastructure. American Journal of Health Education44(4), pp.237-243.

Martin, A. (2015). Plan for program evaluation from the start. National Institute of Justice (275). https://nij.gov/journals/275/pages/plan-for-program-evaluation.aspx

National Council for Voluntary Organisations. (20 May 2020). How to Use Creative Reporting Formats for Evaluation. NCVO Knowhow. Accessed October 14, 2020 from https://knowhow.ncvo.org.uk/how-to/how-to-use-creative-reporting-formats-for-evaluation

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2019). U.S. Drought Risk Atlas. https://droughtatlas.unl.edu/

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. (2011). Adult Care Emergency Preparedness Exercise Toolkit: https://region1hmcc.org/wp-content/uploads/Adult-Care-Emergency-Preparedness-Exercise-Toolkit.pdf

Olney, C.A. &Barnes, S.J. (2013). Collecting and Analyzing Evaluation Data, 2nd Ed., Outreach Evaluation Resource Center. https://nnlm.gov/sites/default/files/neo/files/booklet-three.pdf

Svoboda, M.D., Smith, K., Widhalm, M., Woudenberg, D.L., Knutson, C.L., Sittler, M., Angel, J., Spinar, M., Shafer, M., McPherson, R. & Lazrus, H., 2011. Drought-ready communities: A guide to community drought preparedness. https://drought.unl.edu/droughtplanning/AboutPlanning/PlanningProcesses/Drought-ReadyCommunities.aspx

Texas Department of State Health Services. (2012). Writing Capability-Based Exercise Objectives: https://dshs.texas.gov/commprep/exercise/WritingObjectivesManuaV1.doc

The Pell Institute. (2020). Evaluation Toolkit. Available: http://toolkit.pellinstitute.org/evaluation-guide/analyze/enter-organize-clean-data/

University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. (2018). A Toolkit for Assessing IPM Outcomes and Impacts. Retrieved February 2, 2018

White, M. and Cohan, A. (2016). A Guide to Capturing Lessons Learned. The Nature Conservancy. https://www.conservationgateway.org/ConservationPlanning/partnering/cpc/Documents/Capturing_Lessons_Learned_Final.pdf

 

Resources

Adger, W. (2006). Vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16, 268-284.

AMEC Environment and Infrastructure. (2012). Summary Report: Colorado Drought Tournament. Boulder, CO: AMEC Environment and Infrastructure. Retrieved from https://www.drought.gov/drought/node/877

AMEC Environment and Infrastructure. (2014). Summary Report: Oklahoma Water Supply Reliability and Management Challenge. Boulder, CO: AMEC Environment and Infrastructure. https://www.owrb.ok.gov/drought/docs/OKDroughtChallengeReportOct2014.pdf

Bathke, D. Bernadt, T., Haigh, T., & Wickham E. (2017). North Platte Natural Resources District Drought Tournament Final Report. Lincoln, NE: National Drought Mitigation Center.

Bierbaum, R., Lee, A., Smith, J., Blair, M., Carter, L.M., Chapin III, F.S., Fleming, P., Ruffo, S., McNeeley, S., Stults, M. & Verduzco, L. (2014). Adaptation. In Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, (pp. 670-706).

Calhoun, C. (2002). Dictionary of the Social Sciences. Oxford University Press.

Department of Homeland Security. (2016). Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Guide. Department of Homeland Security. https://emilms.fema.gov/IS0230d/assets/cpg_201_thira_guide.pdf

Feldman, D.L. and Ingram, H.M. (2009). Making science useful to decision makers: Climate forecasts, water management, and knowledge networks. Weather, Climate, and Society, 1(1), 9-21.

FEMA. (2018). Core Capabilities. https://www.fema.gov/core-capabilities

FEMA. (2018). FEMA Emergency Management Institute. https://training.fema.gov/

FEMA. (2019). Hazard Mitigation Planning. https://www.fema.gov/hazard-mitigation-planning

Glickman, T. S. & Zenk, W. (2000). Glossary of Meteorology. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.

Hackett, M. and Carson, A. (2018, April - June). SWD: Multi-hazard tournaments in San Antonio: Engagement at the sub-basin level. Collaboration Corner, 7(II). https://corpslakes.erdc.dren.mil/employees/learning/webinars/CPPCoP_Newsletter_7-2_2018_Apr-June.pdf

Haigh, T. (2016). Kansas Drought Tournament: Results of Participant Evaluation Surveys. Lincoln, NE: National Drought Mitigation Center.

Hill, H., Hadarits, M., Rieger, R., Strickert, G., Davies, E.G. & Strobbe, K.M. (2013, March). The Invitational Drought Tournament: Can it Support Drought Preparedness and Response. Paper presented at the High Level Meeting on National Drought Policy. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/drought/hmndp/documents/presentations/13.03-HMNDP-Session7-Hill.pdf

Hydrologics. (2016). Kansas Drought Tournament: The Mander/Longleaf Exercise.

IGI Global. (2019). Dictionary. Retrieved from IGI Global: https://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/

Innes, J.J.E. & Booher, D.E. (1999). Consensus building and complex adaptive systems: A framework for evaluating collaborative planning. Journal of the American Planning Association, 65(4), 412-423.

IRI Climate and Society. (2016, July 28). No Contest: Drought Tournament a Winner [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tcKSCGXFYVo

Kansas Water Office. (2015). Drought Simulation Exercise. https://kwo.ks.gov/projects/drought-simulation-exercises

Kelley, E.D. (2012). Community Planning: An Introduction to the Comprehensive Plan. Island Press.

Mason, D. & Verner, D. (2008). Tabletop exercises drive home the importance of drought planning. Journal‐American Water Works Association, 100(8), 48-50.

Mitchell, A. & Minami, M. (1999). The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis: Geographic Patterns and Relationships (Vol. 1). ESRI, Inc.

National Drought Mitigation Center. (2016). Nebraska’s Lower Platte South Natural Resources District recognized for drought tournament. https://drought.unl.edu/Publications/News.aspx?id=236

North Platte Natural Resources District. (2019). Drought Tournament. https://www.npnrd.org/programs/drought/drought/

North Platte NRD and NDMC. (2016). North Platte Natural Resources District Invitational Drought Tournament Playbook. Scottsbluff, NE: North Platte Natural Resources District. https://www.npnrd.org/assets/site/documents/drought/playbook-final-11042016.pdf

Okanagan Basin Water Board. (2012). Okanagan Invitational Drought Tournament. http://www.obwb.ca/workshops/okanagan-invitational-drought-tournament/

Stone, B., Vargo, J. & Habeeb, D. (2012). Managing climate change in cities: Will climate action plans work? Landscape and Urban Planning, 107(3), 263-271.

Strickert, G. (2015). Scoring system for the Invitational Drought Tournament. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1324.0809

Strickert, G., Nazemi, A., & Bradford, L.E. (2015). A Stochastic modeling framework for the Invitational Drought Tournament. 21st International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, (pp. 1614-1620). Gold Coast, Australia. http://www.mssanz.org.au/modsim2015/G5/strickert.pdf

Teague, A. (2017). Multi-Hazard Tournament. River Reach. https://www.sara-tx.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/newsletter_spring2017.pdf

US Army Corps of Engineers. (2015).  Now Playing Only in Select River Basins: Multihazards Tournaments. https://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/Media/News-Stories/Article/626042/now-playing-only-in-select-river-basins-multi-hazards-tournaments/

US Army Corps of Engineers. (2016).  Now Playing Only in Select River Basins: Multihazards Tournaments. https://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/Media/News-Stories/Article/1009509/playing-for-keeps-using-games-to-address-flooding-and-drought-in-the-cedar-rive/

van Kooten, G. (2013). Weather and the Instrumental Record. Dordrecht: Springer.

Wang, K. & Davies, E.G.R. (2015). A water resources simulation gaming model for the Invitational Drought Tournament. Journal of Environmental Management, 160, 167-183. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Evan_Davies/publication/279631697_A_water_resources_simulation_gaming_model_for_the_Invitational_Drought_Tournament/links/5b466ddeaca272c609377bae/A-water-resources-simulation-gaming-model-for-the-Invitational-Drought-

WebFinance Inc. (2019). Business Dictionary. http://www.businessdictionary.com/