Local, Regional and Tribal
Native American nations, river basin commissions, water suppliers, planning commissions, municipalities, and individual farmers and ranchers all make decisions about land and water resources. The NDMC recommends that each governmental authority develop its own drought plan, addressing the specific issues that occur within its scope of authority. It is ideal if local drought plans are developed with awareness of larger regional or state plans.
Resource: See the Guide to Community Drought Preparedness, Managing Drought Risk on the Ranch
Many water and resource management decisions are state's responsibilities. State approaches to drought planning vary greatly based on how much they experience drought and strained water supplies, and on what part of the country they are in. Water law and land management functions differently in the western and eastern United States.
The NDMC maintains a current collection of state-level plans that deal with drought, including drought, water, hazard and climate plans. We also have examples of plans from tribal nations and international resources.
Resource: See the 10-Step Planning Process, which has been adapted by many U.S. states as well as countries around the world.
Some countries have a national drought plan that outlines government activities related to drought monitoring and management. In the U.S., a variety of agencies monitor drought conditions and provide technical assistance and funding to prepare for and manage drought conditions.
Since 1998, the US Drought Monitor has provided a weekly snapshot of drought conditions across the country using data and input from a wide variety of state, federal, and other agencies. The NDMC has also recorded drought impacts across the country via the Drought Impact Reporter since 2005.