National Drought Mitigation Center

Post Event

Caribbean Drought Training Workshop

May 22-24, 2012
Kingston, Jamaica

Mark Svoboda and Brian Fuchs, NDMC climatologists and U.S. Drought Monitor authors, helped present a Drought Training Workshop for Caribbean countries in Kingston, Jamaica, May 22-24, 2012. Adrian Trotman of the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology organized the workshop.

The 20 climatologists, meteorologists, hydrologists, water suppliers, resource managers and drought planners from Barbados, Grenada, Jamaica and St. Lucia focused on monitoring, impact reporting and planning.


Guttman, N., 1999. Accepting the Standardized Precipitation Index: A Calculation Algorithm. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 35, No. 2, April 1999, 311-322.

Hayes, M., M. Svoboda, N. Wall, and M. Wilhelm, 2011. The Lincoln Declaration on Drought Indices: Universal Meteorological Drought Index Recommended. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, April 2011, pp. 485-488.

Heim, R., 2002. A Review of Twentieth-Century Drought Indices Used in the United States.Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, August 2002, pp. 1149-1165.

International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, World Bank, United Nations, 2007. Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices: Contributing to the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action.

Knutson, C., M. Hayes, and T. Phillips, 1998. “How to Reduce Drought Risk.” Preparedness and Mitigation Working Group, Western Drought Coordination Council.

National Integrated Drought Information System Implementation Team, 2007. National Integrated Drought Information System Implementation Plan.  

Palmer, W., 1965. “Meteorological Drought.”U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Weather Bureau, Office of Climatology, Research Paper No. 45.

Sivakumar, M.V.K., R. Motha, D. Wilhite, and D. Wood, eds., 2011. Agricultural Drought Indices: Proceedings of an Expert Meeting, 2-4 June 2010, Murcia, Spain.

Sivakumar, M.V.K., R. Motha, D. Wilhite, and D. Wood, eds., 2011. Towards a Compendium on National Drought Policy: Proceedings of an Expert Meeting July 14-15, 2011, Washington, D.C., USA

State of Hawaii, Department of Land & Natural Resources Commission on Water Resource Management. “Hawaii Drought Plan: 2005 Update.”

Svoboda, M., D. LeComte, M. Hayes, R. Heim, K. Gleason, J. Angel, B. Rippey, R. Tinker, M. Palecki, D. Stooksbury, D. Miskus, and S. Stephens, 2002. The Drought Monitor. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 83(8):1181-1190.

Svoboda, Mark, Kelly Helm Smith, Melissa Widhalm, Donna Woudenberg, Cody Knutson, Meghan Sittler, Jim Angel, Mike Spinar, Mark Shafer, Renee McPherson, and Heather Lazrus. 2010. "Guide to Drought Ready Communities." Lincoln, NE: National Drought Mitigation Center.

Szep, I., J. Mika, Z. Dunkel, 2005. Palmer drought severity index as soil moisture indicator: physical interpretation, statistical behaviour and relation to global climate. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 30 (2005) 231-243.

Vicente-Serrano, S., S. Begueria, J. Lopez-Moreno, 2009. A Multiscalar Drought Index Sensitive to Global Warming: The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, 1696-1718.